A. Holocaust, Concentration Camp, Torture

Allodi, F., Cowgill, G. (1982). Ethical and psychiatric aspects of torture: A Canadian study. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 27, 98-102.

Auerhahn, N.C., Laub, D., Peskin, H. (1993). Psychotherapy with holocaust survivors. Psychotherapy, 30, 434-442.

DeWind, E. (1968). The confrontation with death. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 49, 302-305.

Domovitch, E. Berger, P.B., Wawer, M.J., et al. (1984). Human torture: Description and sequelae in 104 cases. Canadian Family Physician, 30, 827-830.

Durlacher, GL (1991). De zoektocht [The search]. Amsterdam: Meulenhoff.

Goldfield, A.E., Mollica, R.F., Pesavento, B.H., Faraone, S.V. (1988). The physical and psychological sequelae of torture: Symptomatology and diagnosis. Journal of the American Medical Association, 259, 2725-2729.

Jaffe, R. (1968). Dissociative phenomena in former concentration camp inmates. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 49, 310-312.

Kastenberg, J., Brenner, I. (1986). Children who survived the holocaust: The roles and routines in the development of the superego. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 67, 309-316.

Keilson, H. (1979/1992). Sequential traumatization in children. Jerusalem: The Magnes Press/Hebrew University.

Kinzie (1986). Children in Cambodian concentration camps. Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry, 25, 370-376.

Krystal, H., & Neiderland, W.G. (1968). Clinical observations on the survivors syndrome. In H. Krystal (Ed). Massive Psychic Trauma (pp 327-384). New York: International Universities Press.

Kuch, K., & Cox, B.J. (1992). Symptoms of PTSD in 124 survivors of the Holocaust. American Journal of Psychiatry, 149, 337-340.

Lagnado, LM, & Dekel, SC (1991). Children of the Flames - Dr. Josef Mengele and the untold story of the twins of Auschwitz. New York: William and Morrow & Co.

Langer, L.L. (1991). Holocaust testimonies: The ruins of memory. New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press. ISBN 0300052472

Laub, D. & Auerhahn, N (1993). Knowing and not knowing massive psychic trauma: Forms of traumatic memory. American Journal of Psychoanalysis, 74, 287-302.

Maercker, A., Schutzwohl, M. (1997). Long-term effects of political imprisonment: A group comparison study. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 32, 435-442.

Marks, J. (1995). The Hidden Children: The secret survivors of the Holocaust. Toronto: Bantam Books.

Mazor, A., Ganpel, Y., Enright, RD, & Ornstein, R. (Jan., 1990). Holocaust survivors: Coping with posttraumatic memories in childhood and 40 years later. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 3, 11-14.

Modai, I. (1994). Forgetting childhood: A defense mechanism against psychosis in a holocaust survivor. Clinical Gerontologist, 14, 67-71.

Moskovitz, S., & Krell, R. (1990). Child survivors of the Holocaust: Psychological adaptations to survival. Israel Journal of Psychiatry and Related Services, 27, 81-91.

Musaph, H. (1993). Het post-concentratiekampsyndroom [The post-concentration camp syndrome]. Maandblad Geestelijke volksgezondheid [ Dutch Journal of Mental Health], 28, 207-217.

Niederland, W.G. (1968). Clinical observations on the survivor syndrome. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 49, 313-315.

Ramsay, R., Gorst-Unsworth, C, & Turner, S. (1993). Psychiatric morbidity in survivors of state organized violence including torture: A retrospective series. British Journal of Psychiatry, 162, 55-59

Rasmussen, O.V., Lunde, I. (1980). Evaluation of investigation of 200 torture victims. Danish Medical Bulletin, 27, 241-243.

Rivers, H.R. (February 2, 1918). The repression of war experience. Lancet, 173-177.

Somer, E. (1994). Hypnotherapy and regulated uncovering in the treatment of older survivors of Nazi persecution. Clinical Gerontologist, 14, 47-65.

Stein, A. (1994). Hidden children: Forgotten survivors of the Holocaust. Harmondsworth, Middlesex: Penguin Books.

Thygesen, P.K., et al. (1970). Concentration camp survivors in Denmark. Danish Medical Journal, 17, 65-108.

van Ravesteijn, L. (1976). Gelaagdheid van herinneringen [Layering of memories] Tijdschrift boor Psychotherapie, 5, (1).

van Velsen, C, Gorst-Unsworth, C, & Turner, S. (1996). Survivors of torture and organized violence: Demography and diagnosis. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 9, 181-194.

Wagenaar, W.A., Groeneweg, J. (1990). The memory of concentration camp survivors. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 4, 77-87.

Wilkomirski, B. (1995). Translated 1996 by CB Janeway. Fragments: Memories of a Wartime Childhood. New York: Schocken Books. ASIN: 0805241396

Yehuda, R., Elkin, et al. (July, 1996). Dissociation in aging Holocaust survivors. American Journal of Psychiatry, 153, 935-940.

Yehuda, R., Schmeidler, J., Siever, L.J., Binder-Brynes, K., Elkin, A. (1997). Individual differences in posttraumatic stress disorder symptom profiles in holocaust survivors in concentration camps or in hiding. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 10, 453-463.

C. Rape

Foa, E.B., Molnar, C., Cashman, L. (1995). Change in rape narratives during exposure therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 8, 675-690.

Kaszniak, A.W., Berren, M.R., & Santiago, J. (1988). Amnesia as a consequence of male rape: A case report. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 97, 100-104.

Mechanic, M.B., Resnick, P.A., Griffin, M.G. (1998). A comparison of normal forgetting, psychopathology, and information-processing models of reported amnesia for recent sexual trauma. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 66, 948-957.



Children of the Flames
Dr. Josef Mengele and the Untold Story of the Twins of Auschwitz
Nazi doctor Josef Mengele subjected some 3,000 twins to medical experiments of unspeakable horror; only 160 survived. Eight pages of photographs.

The Murderers of Katyn by Vladimir Abarinov. (October 1992) Hippocrene Books

Death Camps VHS video - Black & White, Full length, Full Screen

Hidden Children - Secret survivors of the Holocaust
The Hidden Children:
The secret survivors of the Holocaust

Hidden Children of the Holocaust :Teens Who Hid from the Nazis (Teen Witnesses to the Holocaust)
by Esther Kustanowitz

Five Million Non-Jewish Victims Often Forgotten - Who Were They?

Holocaust Heroes - Amazing Courage

Personal Survivor Stories

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